Stem Learning To Improve Basic Students 'Critical Thinking Ability

  • Diah Kusumawati
  • Heny Sulistyaningrum
Keywords: STEM learning, Critical Thinking Ability



STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) learning is currently an alternative science learning that can build a generation capable of facing the 21st century. The skills that must be possessed in the 21st century are known as 4C which consists of critical thinking, collaboration, communication, and creativity. Critical thinking is the ability to understand a complex problem, connect information so that various alternative solutions will emerge, and find solutions to a problem. The purpose of this study was to explain about STEM learning in improving the critical thinking skills of elementary school students. This type of research is a literacy study, which is conducting a literature review of books, journal articles, and other documents related to increasing the critical thinking skills of elementary school students through STEM learning. The results of the study can be concluded that there are three integration patterns in STEM learning, namely the silo approach pattern, the embedded approach pattern, and the integrated approach pattern. STEM learning requires students to have the knowledge and skills simultaneously to solve a problem and train students to apply their knowledge as a form of problem-solving related to the environment by utilizing technology. Therefore, STEM learning can improve students' ability to think critically.


Afriana, J., A. Permanasari, and A. Fitriani. 2016. “Project Based Learning Integrated to Stem to Enhance Elementary School’s Students Scientific Literacy.” Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia 5 (2): 261–67.

Cintamulya, I., Warli, and L. Mawartiningsih. 2020. “Critical Thinking Ability after Project-Based Learning: A Comparative Study on Students Who Have Different Cognitive Styles.” Journal of Physics: Conference Series 1422 (1).

Council, National Researh. 2011. “MENGENAL PENDIDIKAN STEM DAN PENERAPANNYA DALAM PEMBELAJARAN IPA Oleh : Tati , M . Pd STEM : Apakah Dibelajarkan Secara Terpadu Atau Terpisah ?”

English, Lyn D. n.d. “Advancing Elementary and Middle School STEM Education.”

Haryati, Teti, DAM Lidinillah, and Karlimah. 2020. “Development of the STEM Learning Design in the 2013 Curriculum in Primary Schools: An Analysis and Exploration.” Jurnal Pendidikan Sekolah Dasar 3 (2): 71–78.

“Metode Penelitian Kualitatif Studi Pustaka.” n.d.

Oktapiani, Nida, and Ghullam Hamdu. 2020. “Desain Pembelajaran STEM Berdasarkan Kemampuan 4C Di Sekolah Dasar.” Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Dasar 7 (2): 99.

Paul, Richard W. 1990. “Paul- Critical Thinking: What, Why, and How.” Critical Thinking: What Every Person Needs to Survive in a Rapidly Changing World, 45–56.

Permanasari, Anna. 2016. “STEM Education: Inovasi Dalam Pembelajaran Sains.” Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Sains, 23–34.

Redhana, I Wayan. 2019. “Mengembangkan Keterampilan Abad Ke-21 Dalam Pembelajaran Kimia.” Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Kimia 13 (1).

Rohmah, Ulfa Nadiyatur, Yoyo Zakaria Ansori, and Dede Salim Nahdi. 2018. “Pendekatan Pembelajaran Stem Dalam Meningkatkan Kemampuan Literasi Sains Siswa Sekolah Dasar.” Pendekatan Pembelajaran Stem Dalam Meningkatkan Kemampuan Literasi Sains Siswa Sekolah Dasar 5 (3): 152–62. google schoolar.

Shidiq, Galih Albarra, and Chatree Faikhamta. 2020. “Exploring the Relationship of Teachers’ Attitudes, Perceptions, and Knowledge towards Integrated Stem.” Elementary Education Online 19 (4): 2514–31.

“STEM, STEM Education, STEMmania.” n.d.

“STEM Learning.” 2016.

Yanthi, N., B. Milama, H. Choirunnisa, and M. S. Yuliariatiningsih. 2019. “STEM Learning Content in Elementary School National Curriculum.” Journal of Physics: Conference Series 1318 (1).