Stem Learning To Improve Basic Students 'Critical Thinking Ability
STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) learning is currently an alternative science learning that can build a generation capable of facing the 21st century. The skills that must be possessed in the 21st century are known as 4C which consists of critical thinking, collaboration, communication, and creativity. Critical thinking is the ability to understand a complex problem, connect information so that various alternative solutions will emerge, and find solutions to a problem. The purpose of this study was to explain about STEM learning in improving the critical thinking skills of elementary school students. This type of research is a literacy study, which is conducting a literature review of books, journal articles, and other documents related to increasing the critical thinking skills of elementary school students through STEM learning. The results of the study can be concluded that there are three integration patterns in STEM learning, namely the silo approach pattern, the embedded approach pattern, and the integrated approach pattern. STEM learning requires students to have the knowledge and skills simultaneously to solve a problem and train students to apply their knowledge as a form of problem-solving related to the environment by utilizing technology. Therefore, STEM learning can improve students' ability to think critically.
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