An Analysis of Illocutionary Acts on Oprah Winfrey’s Commencement Speech at Harvard
Keywords:Pragmatics, Speech Act, Illocutionary acts
Speech act is the study in the pragmatics field which focuses in studying words which words are being seen as a tool to present information and carrying the action. This research used descriptive qualitative method as it aimed to analyze and describe the type and the most dominant illocutionary acts on Oprah Winfrey’s Commencement Speech at Harvard. The data was analyzed based on Searle theory. The whole illocutionary act performed by Oprah Winfrey could be summarized as follows: 6 (15,4%) of representative/assertive, 5 (12,8%) of commissive, 14 (35,9%) of expressive, 13 (33,3 %) of expressive, 1 (2.6%) and of declarative. From the findings, it showed that directive is the most frequent type of act used by the speaker as in commencement speech the speaker will tend to give advices to the hearers.
Gimson, A. C. (1980). An introduction to the pronunciation of English. Lonon: Edward Arnold.
Hariati, P., Pulungan, A.H. and Husein, R., 2020. Illocutionary Acts in Jack Ma’s Inspiring Speech in His Graduation at The University of Hongkong. Britain International of Linguistics Arts and Education (BIoLAE) Journal, 2(1), pp.384-394.
Kreidler, C W. 2002. Introducing English semantics. London; New York: Routledge.
McFarland Dalton, E. (1958). Management: Principles and Practices.
Searle, J. R. 1969. Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language. London: Cambridge U.P.
Searle, J.R., 1976. A classification of illocutionary acts. Language in society, 5(1), pp.1-23.
Vanderstoep, S.W. and Johnson, D.D., 2008. Research methods for everyday life: Blending qualitative and quantitative approaches (Vol. 32). John Wiley & Sons.
Wibowo, Revelation. , 2001. Language Management. New York: Scholastic. Ahmad Asep.2006.
Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.