The Content Effectiveness in Red Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) Variety to Increase Immunity

  • Tabitha Sri Hartati Wulandari
  • Ainun Mirza Nurhaniefa
  • Windhiana Ayu Lestari
Keywords: red ginger, immune system, pandemic, Covid-19


Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) has become a very worrying disease outbreak in several countries, one of which is Indonesia. Covid-19 is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered type of coronavirus and has been an epidemic since December 2019 in Wuhan, China. This coronavirus can cause respiratory tract infections in humans. Based on data analysis from the COVID19 Handling Committee and the National Economic Recovery, stated that confirmed cases of the corona virus in Indonesia as of April 9, 2021 reached 1,558,145 people, of which 1,405,659 people were declared cured and 42,348 people were declared dead (Covid19.go, 2021) . Cases infected with COVID-19 will continue to increase if people do not orderly comply with health protocols. In addition, it is necessary to increase the community's immune system so that it is not easily infected. The immune system is very important to be improved and maintained during the COVID19 pandemic. One of the efforts to improve the body's immune system is to take vitamin c supplements. However, during this pandemic, vitamin C supplement products are limited and prices have skyrocketed. So that other alternative materials are needed that are cheap, easy to obtain, and most importantly have a fairly high antioxidant content. One alternative material that can be used according to these criteria is red ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.). The purpose of this activity is to find out more about the effectiveness of red ginger as an alternative immune-boosting ingredient. This research was conducted by means of a literature study by reviewing articles related to the effectiveness of red ginger to increase immunity. The results obtained indicate that red ginger is effective in increasing the body's immunity because red ginger cointain vitamin A, vitamin E, vitamin C, selenium, iron and zinc. The plant is one of them red ginger (Zingiber officinale). The compounds in red ginger are reported to have properties as antibacterial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, diuretic, antifungal, anticancer, and antiviral.


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